The asteroid, 2012 TC4, is expected to sweep closest to the planet at approximately 1:42 a.m. EST on Thursday, Oct. 12, near Antarctica. It will pass around 26,000 miles above the Earth’s surface, within the moon’s orbit.
It’s estimated to be 50-100 feet in size.
Later on Thursday, at 3:19 p.m. EST, the asteroid will pass approximately 172,000 miles from the moon.
According to NASA, there is no impact risk associated with the asteroid. In fact, CNEOS scientists are planning to use the flyby as an opportunity to test their planetary defense systems, which protect against asteroid collisions on Earth.
“We are going to use this asteroid to practice the system that would observe an asteroid, characterize it and compute how close it is going to come, in case some day we have one that is on the way inbound and might hit,” CNEOS manager Pal Chodas told BBC.
No asteroid is currently expected to impact the planet for the next 100 years, according to NASA.
Still, according to brightness measurements, 2012 TC4 is similar in size (30-100 feet) to the meteor that “caused a shock wave and explosion” in the atmosphere as it passed over Chelyabinsk, Russia, in 2013, EarthSky reported.
The 66-foot Chelyabinsk meteor struck Earth’s atmosphere, injured 1,500 people and destroyed more than 7,000 buildings.